Comprehensive utilization of the hottest logistics

2022-08-07
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Comprehensive utilization of logistics packaging waste resources I. Introduction with the rapid economic development and the increasing demand for products in all aspects, the proportion of waste packaging materials in production and domestic waste is increasing. Effective control and utilization of waste packaging materials is very necessary to reduce the production of solid waste and protect the environment

the recycling of waste packaging is to use the used product packaging containers and auxiliary materials, collect them through various channels and ways, and then reuse them by enterprises. The utilization of waste packaging in enterprises is the process of repairing, reforming and handing over the recycled old packaging to enterprises for reuse. The recycling and utilization of product packaging is different from the recycling and utilization of general waste materials. The general recycling of waste materials is to change the waste materials into other uses or materials processed by recycling. The recycling and utilization of packaging is the reuse of the original material, which can be used to wrap the product and may be recycled and reused for many times

II. Ways for enterprises to recycle waste packaging materials

the number of old packaging materials produced by Chinese production enterprises every year is amazing, and the recycling potential is huge. The average paperboard used for packaging is more than 40 tons per year; The amount of kraft paper used for packaging is also very large. Only about 1.2 billion cement bags are needed a year, equivalent to 30 tons of kraft paper; The timber company supplies about 550000 cubic meters of timber for packaging every year; Each year, more than 200million meters of cloth and 400million pieces of gunny bags are used for packaging; About 1million tons of wine are produced every year, and 2billion glass bottles are required. This shows that the market potential for enterprises to recycle waste packaging materials is still quite huge

recycling old packaging materials can solve some urgent needs of enterprises and reduce production costs. Enterprises can reduce the purchase of packaging materials by recycling old packaging, processing and sorting it, and then re using it for enterprises. Moreover, the cycle of recycling old packaging is shorter than that of manufacturing new packaging, which can often solve the urgent needs of enterprise production. In addition, the recycling of old packaging will also reduce the production cost of enterprises

recycling old packaging materials can ensure the smooth progress of product logistics activities. As a protection function, product packaging is indispensable in the logistics process. Due to the high resource consumption or cost, the commodity packaging is insufficient or the supply is not timely, and the packaging of a product is insufficient or too weak, which will affect the logistics activities of the product. The recycling of waste packaging materials can solve the packaging problems of products in time and ensure the smooth progress of product logistics activities

recycling old packaging can save resources for the country. China's resources are limited, and the use of non renewable resources is even more tense. Packaging materials consume a huge amount of resources. If enterprises can recycle old packaging, they can save a lot of resources for the country. Take wooden packaging as an example to illustrate that China's forest resources are seriously insufficient, and the consumption of industrial and agricultural industries is large, resulting in some forests being cut down indiscriminately, which has caused serious adverse consequences, not only endangering the number of forests, but also causing ecological imbalance, water and soil loss, abnormal climate, etc. The state is making greater efforts to govern this aspect. In this case, we should not only strictly control the packaging materials, but also vigorously carry out recycling and reuse, so as to make rational use of the limited resources. Chinese enterprises use about 180000 cubic meters of wood for product packaging. If it can be recycled, it is equivalent to cutting down about 30000 mu of forest

recycling waste packaging materials can save energy for the country. China is not rich in energy according to the average population. At present, the recoverable reserves of mineral energy per capita are lower than the world average. The vast majority of packaging materials need to consume a lot of energy. Although the above data show that bistar produces some different materials, which are energy-saving packaging materials. The electric energy consumed to produce a beverage container with the same capacity is: aluminum is 3kwh; 2.4 kwh for glass; 0.7 kwh for iron; 0.18 kwh for paperboard; Plastic is only 0.11 kwh. In Britain and other Western European countries, plastic bottles and cans have replaced glass bottles with more than 1kg. Even so, the synthesis of polymer materials such as plastics will consume a lot of oil. Therefore, the recycling of waste packaging materials by enterprises can save a lot of energy for the country

III. recycling and utilization of waste packaging materials

1 Establish channels for recycling waste packaging in enterprises. Enterprises produce different types of products and use a wide range of packaging. The packaging is distributed to all parts of the country, industries and final consumers along with the products, so it is very difficult to recycle. However, in terms of the flow direction of commodities, the commodity packaging is consistent with the flow direction of commodities, that is, where there are commodities, there will be empty packages that can be recycled. There is still a great potential for enterprises to recycle and reuse old packaging materials by establishing appropriate recycling channels for waste packaging materials. Specifically, the recycling channels of waste packaging materials of enterprises mainly include the following aspects:

(1) channels of the commercial sector: the commercial sector is the main channel for the recycling of waste packaging materials of enterprises, mainly selling goods of means of living. For example, department stores, textile companies, hardware and electrical companies, non-staple food companies and retail stores at all levels have great potential for recycling waste packaging; There are also a large number of commodity packages for recycling in medicine, traditional Chinese medicine and medical devices; All kinds of special packaging for grain and oil and all kinds of packaging for imported goods can be recycled

(2) means of production product sales departments: these departments are mainly mechanical and electrical equipment companies, light chemical materials companies, building materials companies, transportation accessories companies, etc. that operate means of production at all levels, and most of them contain waste packaging materials. A considerable part of them are special packaging, such as flat glass wooden cases, iron drums of chemical raw materials, cable trays, etc

(3) social waste material recycling companies or social recycling teams. The recycling companies or the recycling teams in the society can recycle the old packages that are not recycled by professional recycling units or comprehensive recycling institutions, such as all kinds of messy glass bottles, plastic bottles and other cotton, hemp and metal products

(4) recycling channels for waste packaging materials of enterprises. ① The enterprise shall set up a special recycling department to recycle various product packages at a fixed place and time. ② Enterprises' door-to-door recycling. The enterprise shall regularly fix a fixed point or make an appointment to go to the unit that returns the packaging for on-site recycling. ③ The enterprise sets up a recycling and packaging counter in the product sales department. When selling goods, the product sales department requires consumers to return the old packaging they have purchased and used, and make an agreement in the form of a deposit, such as replacing empty bottles with bottles of beer, soy sauce, vinegar and other methods to recycle the old packaging. ④ The enterprise and the sales user shall hand over the old packages of the products that are directly recycled by the product sales department or the user department to the production enterprise for reuse without going through the old package recycling unit

2. Recycling and reuse of old packaging by enterprises (1) ways for society to recycle and reuse old packaging. After proper repair and processing, the socially recycled old packaging is handed over to the user departments in a certain way, such as the packaging of light textile, chemical and other industrial products, the packaging of goods shipped by the commercial wholesale department, and the packaging required by the storage and transportation department to replace, assemble and transport goods

(2) reuse of recycled old packaging by manufacturing enterprises. The reuse of recycled old packaging by manufacturing enterprises mainly includes the following aspects:

reuse by original enterprises. The reuse of the original enterprise is to give the recycled old packaging to the original production enterprise for reuse. The packaging that is intact or damaged but can be reused after simple sorting

common to similar enterprises. The general packaging used by manufacturers of similar products means that the packaging of a product can be used in all manufacturers of similar products after its specifications are unified. After the product packaging is generalized and standardized, the packaging specifications and models of similar products produced in various production enterprises are the same, simplifying the number of packaging specifications and types, and facilitating the recycling and reuse among enterprises of similar products

substitution of old packaging materials from other factories. The alternative use of old packaging materials refers to the packaging of some scattered, outdated and non marketable products of universal laboratory machine plunger pump that are no longer used by some production enterprises. Through trial assembly and package, Party A's commodity packaging is transferred to Party B's product packaging for use or the original product packaging is used to pack Party B's products

(3) repair, processing and restructuring of old packaging materials by enterprises. Enterprises can continue to use some old packaging that cannot be reused directly after a series of repair, processing and restructuring. This process is generally divided into three processes: selection, repair and processing

sorting. The selection and arrangement of old packaging by enterprises is the preliminary processing of recycled old packaging. There are many kinds of recycled old packaging, which are mixed together and cannot be reused directly. Only through a series of processing such as the selection, classification, impurity removal and segmentation of old packaging, can the old packaging be taken into stock.) and many other enterprises have expressed their intention to carry out further repair and processing restructuring of the M & a plan

repair. The repair of old packaging by enterprises refers to the process of reusing the intact or slightly damaged old packaging after cleaning, repairing, assembling and other processing processes

processing and restructuring. The enterprise's processing and restructuring of old packaging is the process of taking the recycled old packaging as materials and remaking the packaging under the premise that the original packaging cannot be recovered and reused, such as changing the large packaging into the small packaging, combining the small packaging with the large packaging, and mixing the large packaging

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